Five Interesting Mental Illness Syndromes



The human mind is fascinating. The magnitude of creativity, ideas, thoughts, and memories it can process is endless. Due to this wonder of the mind, it is a subject of many research and studies most especially on topics of mental health, geniuses, childhood development disorders and many more. People are familiar with mental disorders that commonly affect the population; however, some syndrome and disorders are rare but quite interesting to look into.

Stockholm Syndrome

The condition is characterized by psychological respond of the victim towards the victimizer. The victim exhibits signs of loyalty, sympathy and even voluntary compliance to the suspects. This is commonly discussed in cases of hostage abduction, but there are instances where the syndrome was observed in rape, and spousal and child abuse cases. The syndrome was first seen in 1973. It occurred in a bank robbery in Stockholm, Sweden. The hostage exhibits the classic signs of the syndrome towards their hostage-takers to the point of defending and refusing to testify against them. Another well-known example of Stockholm syndrome is when Patty Hearst, a daughter of a millionaire was kidnapped in 1974; later, joined her kidnapper in an organized robbery. As any management of severe trauma, psychotherapy and supportive modalities are utilized as well as addressing the co-morbidity conditions if there is any.

Professionals have expanded the definition of Stockholm syndrome to include any relationship in which victims of abuse develop a strong, loyal attachment to the perpetrators of abuse. Some of the populations affected with this condition include concentration camp prisoners, prisoners of war, abused children, incest survivors, victims of domestic violence, cult members, and people in toxic work or church environments. — Sharie Stines, PsyD

Cotard Delusion


The delusion is also referred to as walking corpse syndrome. The person believes that he/she is dead or do not exist. Also, some people with this condition think that they have lost all their blood and internal organs; in short, living zombies. Due to this belief, they don’t crave for food or water since it is not essential for a dead person.

Munchausen Syndrome by Proxy

This disorder happens when the primary caregiver acts like he/she is caring for the sick individual most often young children when in fact, the child as well. Usually, people with this condition fabricates stories about the symptoms exhibited of the supposedly ill child, alters diagnostic tests, falsify medical records and to the point of inducing symptoms through various methods like starvation, suffocation, poisoning, and exposure to infection. These are commonly experienced by parents or adult children of elderly patients. The fabrication is usually done for sympathy and attention rather than for financial gain. Management often requires the inclusion of social worker, foster care organizations, law enforcement, and health care providers.

Long-term studies of children with disorganized attachment have found that, as parents, they often become either compulsive or controlling caregivers. — Joni E Johnston Psy.D.

Reduplicative Paramnesia

It is composed of a delusional belief that location has been duplicated or exists in different places simultaneously. Others believe that it has been relocated to another site. It is merely a delusion of doubles like Capgras syndrome but only refers to a place. The term was first used by a neurologist Arnold Pick in 1903 to explain the condition of a patient with suspected Alzheimer.

Stendhal Syndrome



The condition was named after the 19th century French author Henri-Marie Beyle (1783–1842) – better known by his penname ‘Stendhal’ – who at the age of 34 years (in 1817) described in detail his negative experiences (in his book Naples and Florence: A Journey from Milan to Reggio) of viewing Florentine art of the Italian Renaissance (and hence it’s alternative name as Florence Syndrome). — Mark D. Griffiths Ph.D.

The person feels dizzy, increased heart rate, hallucinate or even faint because they find a place too beautiful or if too much art surrounds them. There are intense anticipation and longing to be in that specific position that when it happens in real life, the experience can be too overwhelming for the person; thus, exhibits signs associated with Stendhal Syndrome.